Chakdaha have a rich cultural history behind. Even today remnants of its heritage is scattered all over the town. People from various religious communities have peacefully lived in Chakdaha since its birth. A number of temples, mosques and other archaeological structures are witness of the past. Chakdaha was also an important center of indigo cultivation.Many areas within the municipal area and also the surrounding places show the debris of indigo factories. In 1789, a disastrous flood washed away all the factories along the Sukhsagar. It ended the indigo cultivation in Chakdaha. Chakdaha is a prominent urban local body in the district of Nadia – Nadia being one of the southern districts of West Bengal. Located on the banks of Bhagirathi River, Chakdaha derived its name from its mythological past. According to one of these stories, when river Bhagirathi was taking Ganga along this path, the wheel (Chaka) of his chariot got stuck in the sand, and from then on, that place became known as chakradaha or Chakdaha.
Once predominantly a Panchayat area under the British rule with only 5000 populations in 1885, it became a municipality on May Day 1886. John Beglar, a British Architectural engineer took the initiative to establish Chakdaha as a Municipality with KaziMirzaItteshamuddin as its first Chairman.
Chakdaha is located between 22degree15’’47’ north latitude and 88 degree 18’52 ’’ east longitudes on the world map. The Municipality is encircled by Gangaprasadpur in the north, national NH – 34 in the east Chanaduria and RauturiPanchyat in the south.. Ganga flows as the western boundary of the Chakdaha town. Buriganga and Churni Flows through the old Chakdaha into the Ganga. Village panchayats under it are – Chanduria I and II, Dewli, Dubra, Ghetugachhi, Hingara, Kanchrapara, Madanpur I and II, Saguna, Sarati, Silinda I and II, Simurali, Talatala I and II, Tautari.
Nearest town within the 10 km radius is Ranaghat; while the district headquarter Krishnanagar is about 38 kms away and 62 kms from state capital Kolkata in the Nadia District, Traffic lifeline of the Chakdaha town mainly the eastern railways connecting Kolkata through Sealdah-Krishnanagar, Sealdah-Ranaghat mainline. In 1862, when a railway was introduced in Nadia District, it also connected Chakdaha for the first item.
Though agriculture was once a major economic activity, Chakdaha today is totally service sector oriented economy along with business as an unorganized informal sector. People living in this region work in the neighbouring areas and in Kolkata. Industries are almost nonexistent except a few small-scale industries mainly plastic factories. Once Chakdaha was center of jute industry but due to the change in the course of river it lost all its glory and importance.
In the Chakdaha municipality small businesses are growing at a fast pace within the municipal area and constitutes a major economic base of the municipality. Population is rising at a very high speed resulting in higher and higher density of population. Lack of only seven small-scale industries implies that the municipality has to be run on taxes collected from the middle class residents, most of whom are service persons. Very little taxes are collected from the slums and poor colonies. So, it is very difficult to improve this municipal area only on the basis of municipal taxes. Chakdaha Municipality now comprehends the situation and plans to supplement this revenue through other sources.