Climate & Geography  

As per municipal record, the soil is sandy with alluvial soil found in certain places. The climate is moderate in nature, raising the summer temperature to 40o C, while the winter temperature falls down to 10 o C. The average annual rainfall is about 150-160 mm. Based on Climate, Soil and Physiographic the South Asia Project Department, World Bank (1997) reported six agroclimatic Zones of West Bengal. Among them New Alluvium Zone is the biggest Zone with highest cropping intensity and crop diversity covering the western parts of Malda and DakshinDinajpur, Southern parts of Uttar Dinajpur, eastern part of Murshidabad, Hoogly, Burdwan and Howrah, entire Nadia and northern part of North and South 24 Parganas

Soil and Ground Water Scenario

Soils of this zone are derived from recent alluvial deposits brought down by the river Ganga, and its tributaries hence called inceptisol. Soils are deep, well drained, texturally fine loamy, neutral in reaction, with high base saturation and CEC and medium to medium low NPK.

Chakdah town is very adjacent to the Chakdah Block and the ground water table status, as collected from the Water Investigation & Resource Development Directorate, Govt of West Bengal and taken at scheduled times [before monsoon (pre) and after monsoon (post)]in the last four/ five years, as made available, is given as follows :

Block Location Pre'04 Pre'05 Pre'06 Pre'07 Post' 04 Post' 05 Post' 06 Post' 07 (Meter)
Chakdah B.D.O. Office 8.86 8.58 8.79 10.38 4.84 4.88 5.78 3.98